About Montenegro

About Montenegro

Luka Grubiša
National Secretary
tel: +382 63 201 993
tel: +382 68 27 88 47
e-mail: luka.grubisa@yahoo.com

Currency: Euro (€)
Time: Central European Time GMT+1
International telephone code: + 382
Internet country domain: .me
Electricity: 220 volts AC. Sockets are round two-pin.

Location: Adriatic Coast, South-East Europe
Neighbouring countries: Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Albania, Italy
Size: 13,812 km²
Length of border: 614 km
Population: 620.145 (according to the 2003 census)
Capital: Podgorica (approx. 180.810 inhabitants; administrative and economic centre)
Historical capital: Cetinje (18.500 inhabitants, historical and cultural centre)
Other major cities: Niksic (75.000), Bijelo Polje (50.000), Bar (40.000),
Berane (35.000), Pljevlja (35.000), Herceg Novi (33.000)
Religion: Most of the population is Christian Orthodox, with a significant Muslim minority and a notable Roman Catholic presence in some parts of the country.
Language: Montenegrin is the official language. Both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabet are in use. Albanian is spoken in some communities that have a majority
Foreign languages: English, German, Russian, French and Italian are the most common foreign languages spoken
at the tourist resorts.
Length of the coast: 293 km
Length of beaches: 73 km
The highest peak: Bobotov kuk (2.523 m) – Mt Durmitor
The largest lake: Lake Skadar – 391 km²
The deepest canyon: The Tara Canyon – 1.300 m
The largest bay: Boka Kotorska
National parks: Durmitor (39.000 ha), Lake Skadar (40.000 ha), Lovcen (6.400 ha), Biogradska Gora (5.400 ha)

UNESCO heritage sites:
Durmitor National Park, Natural and Cultural – Historical Region of Kotor

Climate and weather
The climate of Montenegro, besides its latitude and altitude is also characterized by the water area of the Adriatic Sea and lake Skadar, then by deep penetration of the sea into the mainland in the Bay of Boka. Also, high mountains Orien, Lovcen and Rumija as well as the mountain massif of the Durmitor, Bjelasica and Prokletije prevent warm wind from entering. The south of Montenegro enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with long dry summers and short mild winters. At the seaside, average July maximum temperatures are around 28C with a high approaching 30C, winter maximum temperatures are around -10C and minimums around –27.5C. Podgorica is the warmest city in Montenegro, where maximum temperature can reach up to 40C and the minimum -10C. In the central and northern part of Montenegro, the climate is continental though influenced by Mediterranean climate manifested by precipitations and a higher temperature in winter months. Climate in the northernmost part of the republic is based on Continental climate with great temperature differences during the year and smaller volume of precipitations. High karst mountain area is Sub-alpine with cold snowy winters and moderate summers. Average precipitations vary from 960 to 2.900 l/m2, while the region of Krivosije (Crkvica) has a European maximum of precipitations, on average about 4.800l/m2 and in the record years 7.000l/m2. On average there are 142 sunny days a year, while air humidity is from 50% in Podgorica, during summer, up to 80% in Kolasin and Niksic during autumn months.

Hydrological and meteorological service of Montenegro www.meteo.co.me

Useful phone numbers

Information: 1181
Ambulance: 124
Police: 122
Time: 125
Weather report: 044800200
Help on roads: 19807
Sending telegrams by phone: 126
International calls: 1201
Montenegro Customer Care – 1300
(24h – Tourist service)
Internet of Montenegro
Tel: 1500

Montenegro is connected to the world through road, railway, maritime and air

By plane
Choose one of the following airports:
– Podgorica – Golubovci Airport is situated 12 km from the capital Podgorica, 62 km far from Budva, 43 km from Bar, 69 km from Ulcinj, 80 km from Kolasin, 170 km from Zabljak.
– Tivat – Tivat airport is only 4 km from the town centre, 20 km far from Budva and Herceg Novi, 58 km from Bar, 73 km from Ulcinj and 80 km from Podgorica.
– Dubrovnik – Cilipi Airport – one of the biggest airports in Croatia is situated in-between the Montenegrin town of Herceg Novi and the city of Dubrovnik.
What many tourists do not know is that when flying into Dubrovnik Airport you are only 24 km far from Herceg Novi, 44 km from Tivat and 68 km from Budva.

By train Train travel is convenient and inexpensive. If you prefer travelling by railway, it is useful to know that the main railway line is Bar-Podgorica- Belgrade with connections from Belgrade to the rest of Europe. The existing railways are 249 km long – the main railway line is Bar-Podgorica-Belgrade with branches towards Niksic and the 13 other one towards Skadar (Albania). There are several passenger trains on the Bar-Belgrade-Subotica route: express trains, business, car-trains and sleeping cars trains. Passenger trains on the Bar-Belgrade line have connections with international trains to Budapest, Vienna, Bucharest, Athens, Moscow… TIMETABLE INFORMATION Local timetable information – www.zicg.me International timetable information – www.deutschebahn.com/site/bahn/en The Railway of Montenegro arranges timetable for every year separately.

By bus It is also possible to reach Montenegro from neighbouring countries by bus. A comprehensive coach network connects all parts of the country. Bus service through Montenegro is quite frequent, as well as regional services. There are bus stops in all towns and cities of Montenegro. During the tourist season, many operate 24 hours a day. There are also regular daily bus lines to bigger cities in neighbouring countries. Timetables are arranged for every year separately.

By boat The coast of the Adriatic Sea makes Montenegro accessible for arrivals by boats, yachts, ferries, cruisers…There are a few companies that maintain a regular ferry connection between Montenegro and Italy. Ships operate on lines between Bar-Bari, Bar-Ancona and Kotor-Bari. During the summer months the frequency of lines is increased. The Port of Bar is the biggest port in Montenegro. The capacity depends on the type and length of boats, 14 to 20 boats can be served at one time. Kotor Harbour consists of Kotor Bay with the operative coast of 216 m in length and 3 to 12.8 m in depth, Lipci Terminal with a 75 meter-long operative coast and the small harbour of Bigovo, which is located on the open sea.

By car The best way to get acquainted with a country is if you visit it by car. You can reach Montenegro via one of the border crossings with Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Albania. The road network totals 5,174 km. The two major roads in Montenegro are the Adriatic Motorway from Croatia to Herceg Novi and then to Ulcinj, and the motorway that links the South and the North, from Petrovac, through Podgorica and Kolasin to Bijelo Polje and Serbia. – Border Crossings: With Croatia: Debeli brijeg, Kobila. With Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sitnica, Vracenovici, Scepan polje, Metaljka, Ilino brdo, Krstac, Nudo, Sula. With Serbia: Rance, Cemerno, Dobrakovo, Kula, Drazenovac, Vuce. With Albania: Bozaj, Sukobin, Grncar. – Road Assistance and Information: AMSCG (Automobile Association of Montenegro) Automobile Association of Montenegro provides services 24 hours a day in Montenegro. For help on roads call 9807 Tel: +382 9807 www.amscg.org